Issue 17 june 2020 Special Report Microbiota and chronic inflammatory bowel diseases
Like many chronic conditions, chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (CIBDs), also known as cryptogenic inflammatory bowel diseases, have predominantly emerged since the Second World War in an environment that has become increasingly industrialised. Among the many aetiopathogenic hypotheses, changes to the microbiota concomitant with industrialisation appear to be playing a significant role.
This issue’s special report assesses the wealth of data already available on the microbiota of CIBDs. Essentially, this summary coordinated by Professor Philippe Marteau describes the plethora of mechanistic links potentially involving elements of the microbiota.While elements of knowledge abound, this knowledge is often liable to change as techniques are refined. At present, therefore, it is difficult and considered too soon to synthetically incorporate this data into simple physiopathological models. While there is still a long way to go, there is no doubt that a major part of the solutions will involve the gut microbiota.
In this issue, the interview with Alain Olympie, Director of the Association François Aupetit (AFA) highlights the importance of patients’ associations such as this, both for the various forms of patient support it provides, but also for its contribution to the advancement of knowledge. Looking beyond the still inadequate levels of evidence, this interview provides an opportunity to stress the need to accept pragmatic treatment approaches given probiotics’ wide appeal among patients with a CIBD.
I hope you enjoy reading this issue.
Table of contents
- Microbiota and chronic inflammatory bowel diseasesPhilippe Marteau et Mathilde Roche
- Alain Olympie
- Crohn’s disease: are we close to obtaining a microbiota signature for the risk of endoscopic recurrence after ileal resection? Stanislas Bruley des Varannes
- Selective microbiota transplantation: a future treatment for Tourette’s syndrome? Philippe Gérard
- Breastmilk: for life ?Alexis Mosca
- Gut microbiota modulation and Alzheimer’s diseasePatrick Vermersch
- Helicobacter pyloriE eradication therapy results in gut microbiota alteration Geneviève Héry-Arnaud
- TaxonomyBruno Pot
- Pharmacology Stanislas Bruley des Varannes
- Metabolism Philippe Gérard
- Sociology Alexis Mosca
- Obstetrics Jean-Marc Bohbot, Jacques Amar
Dossier thématiquePhilippe Marteau et Mathilde Roche
Philippe MARTEAU : MD, PhD. Sorbonne Université. INSERM, Laboratoire des Biomolécules (LBM), Paris, France. Correspondence: Philippe Marteau, Hépato-gastroentérologie Hôpital Tenon, 4 rue de la Chine 75020 Paris - firstname.lastname@example.org Mathilde ROCHE : MD, AP-HP-Hôpital Tenon, Hépato-gastroentérologie.
Director of the AFA Crohn RCH France. https://www.afa.asso.fr/