Issue 24 october 2022 Special Report Gut-brain axis: the master controller ?
The gut-brain axis is a fascinating field of research, which today forms the subject of multiple works. This topic was the subject of a special report in the second edition of La Revue des Microbiotes, published in 2015. The number of publications on the topic has since skyrocketed, and knowledge has widely advanced.
There has been an accumulation in proof of the existence of two-way interactions between the gut and the brain, and the crucial role played by gut microbiota in these exchanges. We therefore felt it was essential to devote a new issue to this field, in order to review the basic knowledge and in particular to have an overview of how the gut-brain axis and gut microbiota contribute to the response to stress and to brain development, and how they are involved in various pathologies such as autism, Parkinson’s disease, psychiatric disorders and irritable bowel syndrome.
The editorial board would like to thank Sylvie Rabot, Alexis Mosca and Pascal Derkinderen, for their contributions to the special report and Guillaume Fond and Julien Scanzi for having agreed to answer their questions.
The Revue des Microbiotes scientific committee.
Table of contents
- Psychiatry and the gut-brain axisGuillaume Fond
- Irritable bowel syndrome and the gut-brain axisJulien Scanzi
The Microbiota Chronicle
- Diseases linked to a dysbiosis: we’re not exaggerating!Alexis Mosca, Stanislas Bruley des Varannes
- Female infertility: the Lactobacillus inersE pathwayJean-Marc Bohbot
- Transfer of microbiota from mother to baby: new dataAlexis Mosca
- Atmospheric pollution: upper respiratory tract to better predict the risk of childhood asthmaGeneviève Héry-Arnaud
- Spina bifida: the intestinal epithelial barrier is also alteredStanislas Bruley des Varannes
- Lung-gut axis: a sensitivity pathway?Cyrille Hoarau
- Oncology - Tumour microbiota: a new paradigm in personalized cancer treatmentJacques Amar
- Urology - Recurrent urinary tract infections: a gut-bladder axis that is more complex than expectedJean-Marc Bohbot
- Metabolism - Our genes alone will not help us!Bruno Pot
- Metabolism - Eating seaweed? More sushi thanks to my microbiota!Philippe Gérard
- Gastroenterology - Persistent carbohydrate metabolism disorders after gastric bypass: a major contribution from gut microbiota.Stanislas Bruley des Varannes
- Neonatology - HMO: towards better characterization for targeted supplements?
Dossier thématiquePascal Derkinderen
Neurology professor, Neurology Unit at Nantes University Hospital, Nantes University and Inserm U1235
Dossier thématiqueSylvie Rabot
University Paris-Saclay, INRAE, AgroParisTech, Micalis Institute, Jouyen-Josas, France
Psychiatrist, AP-HM, Researcher at the University Aix-Marseille, Timone Faculty of Medicine, EA 3279: CEReSS.
Gastroenterologist and hepatologist, Thiers